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Elder Futhark Rune Meanings

Runes are the mystical alphabet used by ancient European tribes 2000 years ago to name places and things, attract luck and fortune, provide protection, and magically divine the course of future events. Runes were carved onto stone or wood. The tools of the time such as the ax, knife, or chisel could not easily be used to form curved lines, so Runic letters were formed with straight lines only. Virtually all of Europe used them at one time, but today they are best remembered for their use by the ancient Norse, The Vikings. The oldest known form and arrangement of Runic letters, the Elder Futhark runes, are estimated by the British Museum to have been in use by the Vikings around 200 A.D. Some believe it to be much earlier. In Norse, the Elder Futhark is read from right to left. "F U T H A R K" is the first 6 symbols of the Runic alphabet (note "th" is one letter). The Runic alphabet is phonetic, each letter represents a sound, so double consonants are not used. Words spelled with pp, dd, ll, etc. would be spelled using a single p, d, or l in Runes.

Rune Symbol Rune Name Corresponding English Letter: Meaning Uses Element
Fehu Rune - Uses: invites wealth, fullfillment of goals Fehu F Wealth

Invites Wealth & Fulfillment of Goals

Fire
Uruz Rune - Uses: Invites creativity & wealth Uruz U Strength

Invites Creativity
& Wealth

Earth
Thurisaz Rune - Uses: invites strength for facing a tes, difficulty or powerful enemy Thurisaz TH Force, Giant

Invites Strength for facing a Test, Difficulty or Powerful Enemy

Fire
Ansuz Rune - Uses: Invites divine power, luck & inspiration Ansuz A God, Ancestor, Devine Breath

Invites Devine Power, Luck & Inspiration

Air
Raido Rune - Uses: invites renewal, safe spiritual or physical journey Raido R Journey, Wheel

Invites Renewal & Safe Journey - Physical or Spiritual

Air
Kenaz Rune - Uses: manifests character & personality Kenaz K, C or Q Torch, Fire, Light

Manifests Character & Personality

Fire
Gifu Rune - Uses: invites harmony, joy & generosity Gifu G Gift, Partnership

Invites Harmony, Joy & Generosity

Air
Wunjo Rune - Uses: invites glory & wisdom Wunjo W or V Glory, Joy, Perfection, Wish

Invites Glory & Wisdom

Earth
Hagalaz Rune - Uses: carved into weapons of war Hagalaz H Hail, Weapon of War

Carved Into Weapons of War

Ice
Nauthiz Rune - Uses: invites destiny, accomplish the impossible Nauthiz N Need, Necessity

Invites Destiny, To Accomplish the Impossible

Fire
Isa Rune - Uses: inbites authority, power, a symbol of masculinity Isa I Ice, Power

Invites Authority& Power; Symbol of Masculinity

Ice
Jera Rune - Uses: invites long term success, luck, good for gardeners Jera Y or J Year, Harvest

Invites Long Term Success & Luck; Gardener's Rune

Earth
Eihwaz Rune - Uses: manifest your greatest potential Eihwaz EI, AE Yew Tree, Potential

Manifest Your Greatest Potential

Air
Pertho Rune - Uses: invites birth of new, success in games of chance Pertho P Secrets, Chance

Invites Birth of New; Success in Games of Chance

Water
Algiz Rune - Uses: invites protection, health & happiness Algiz Z or X Protection

Invites Protection, Health & Happiness

Air
Sowulo Rune - Uses: invites salvation, spiritual protection, symbol of the sun Sowulo S Sun, Salvation

Invites Salvation, Spiritual Protection; Symbol of the Sun

Air
Teiwaz Rune - Uses: inbites strength of purpose, will power & resolution of conflict Teiwaz T

Creator, Spear,
Tyr - The Norse God of Justice

Invites Strength of Purpose, Will Power & Resolution of Conflict

Air
Berkana Rune - Uses: invites romance, healing & purification Berkana B Birch Tree, Beloved

Invites Romance, Healing & Protection

Earth
Ehwaz Rune - Uses: symbol of the bonds of friendship Ehwaz E Horse, Friendship

Symbol of The Bonds of Friendship

Earth
Mannaz Rune - Uses: invites self knowledge & manifests true self Mannaz M Mankind, Knowledge

Invites Self Knowledge & Manifests True Self

Air
Laguz Rune - Uses: invites hope, symbol of the sustenance of life Laguz L Water, Lake

Invites Hope; Symbol of the Sustenance of Life

Water
Inguz Rune - Uses: invites true love, friendship, & lasting relationships Inguz NG or ing Fertility, True Love

Invites True Love, Friendship & Lasting Partnerships

Earth
Othila Rune - Uses: strengthens family & partnerships Othila O Property, Homeland, Inheritance

Strengthens Family & Partnerships

Earth
Dagaz Rune - Uses: good luck charm, invites spiritual growth Dagaz D Day, Good Luck Good Luck Charm; Invites Spiritual Growth Fire / Air

Blank Rune
 
Odin's Rune   Unlimited Potential Unlimited Potential  

 

POPULAR WORDS & THEIR "NORSE" TRANSLATION

Words are translated into Icelandic, the closest modern language to Ancient Norse

ENGLISH

NORSE (Icelandic)

        After         SITHAR
        Again         EN
        All         ALUR
        Always         AETITH
        Am         ER
        And         OG
        Are         ERU
        As         EINS OG
        At         HJA
        Bands (as in rings)         RAEMA
        Battle         ORUSTA
        Be         VERA
        Believe         TRUA
        Beloved         ASTKAERS
        Best         BESTUR
        Beyond         FRAM YFIR
        Boldness         DIRFSKA
        Brother         BROTHIR
        Brotherhood         BRAETHRALAG
        By         HJA
        Calm         LOGN
        Calmness         ROLYNDI
        Care         ATHGAT
        Character         MANGERTH
        Choose         VELJA
        Courage(ous)         HUGRAKUR
        Day         DAGUR
        Dear         ASTKAERS
        Death         DAUTHI
        Deceiver         TAELIR
        Deeds         VERK
        Deprive         HINDRA
##IF PRODUCT## ##END_IF##