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Elder Futhark Rune Meanings

Runes are the mystical alphabet used by ancient European tribes 2000 years ago to name places and things, attract luck and fortune, provide protection, and magically divine the course of future events. Runes were carved onto stone or wood. The tools of the time such as the ax, knife, or chisel could not easily be used to form curved lines, so Runic letters were formed with straight lines only. Virtually all of Europe used them at one time, but today they are best remembered for their use by the ancient Norse, The Vikings. The oldest known form and arrangement of Runic letters, the Elder Futhark runes, are estimated by the British Museum to have been in use by the Vikings around 200 A.D. Some believe it to be much earlier. In Norse, the Elder Futhark is read from right to left. "F U T H A R K" is the first 6 symbols of the Runic alphabet (note "th" is one letter). The Runic alphabet is phonetic, each letter represents a sound, so double consonants are not used. Words spelled with pp, dd, ll, etc. would be spelled using a single p, d, or l in Runes.

Rune Symbol Rune Name Corresponding English Letter: Meaning Uses Element
Fehu Rune - Uses: invites wealth, fullfillment of goals Fehu F Wealth

Invites Wealth & Fulfillment of Goals

Uruz Rune - Uses: Invites creativity & wealth Uruz U Strength

Invites Creativity
& Wealth

Thurisaz Rune - Uses: invites strength for facing a tes, difficulty or powerful enemy Thurisaz TH Force, Giant

Invites Strength for facing a Test, Difficulty or Powerful Enemy

Ansuz Rune - Uses: Invites divine power, luck & inspiration Ansuz A God, Ancestor, Devine Breath

Invites Devine Power, Luck & Inspiration

Raido Rune - Uses: invites renewal, safe spiritual or physical journey Raido R Journey, Wheel

Invites Renewal & Safe Journey - Physical or Spiritual

Kenaz Rune - Uses: manifests character & personality Kenaz K, C or Q Torch, Fire, Light

Manifests Character & Personality

Gifu Rune - Uses: invites harmony, joy & generosity Gifu G Gift, Partnership

Invites Harmony, Joy & Generosity

Wunjo Rune - Uses: invites glory & wisdom Wunjo W or V Glory, Joy, Perfection, Wish

Invites Glory & Wisdom

Hagalaz Rune - Uses: carved into weapons of war Hagalaz H Hail, Weapon of War

Carved Into Weapons of War

Nauthiz Rune - Uses: invites destiny, accomplish the impossible Nauthiz N Need, Necessity

Invites Destiny, To Accomplish the Impossible

Isa Rune - Uses: inbites authority, power, a symbol of masculinity Isa I Ice, Power

Invites Authority& Power; Symbol of Masculinity

Jera Rune - Uses: invites long term success, luck, good for gardeners Jera Y or J Year, Harvest

Invites Long Term Success & Luck; Gardener's Rune

Eihwaz Rune - Uses: manifest your greatest potential Eihwaz EI, AE Yew Tree, Potential

Manifest Your Greatest Potential

Pertho Rune - Uses: invites birth of new, success in games of chance Pertho P Secrets, Chance

Invites Birth of New; Success in Games of Chance

Algiz Rune - Uses: invites protection, health & happiness Algiz Z or X Protection

Invites Protection, Health & Happiness

Sowulo Rune - Uses: invites salvation, spiritual protection, symbol of the sun Sowulo S Sun, Salvation

Invites Salvation, Spiritual Protection; Symbol of the Sun

Teiwaz Rune - Uses: inbites strength of purpose, will power & resolution of conflict Teiwaz T

Creator, Spear,
Tyr - The Norse God of Justice

Invites Strength of Purpose, Will Power & Resolution of Conflict

Berkana Rune - Uses: invites romance, healing & purification Berkana B Birch Tree, Beloved

Invites Romance, Healing & Protection

Ehwaz Rune - Uses: symbol of the bonds of friendship Ehwaz E Horse, Friendship

Symbol of The Bonds of Friendship

Mannaz Rune - Uses: invites self knowledge & manifests true self Mannaz M Mankind, Knowledge

Invites Self Knowledge & Manifests True Self

Laguz Rune - Uses: invites hope, symbol of the sustenance of life Laguz L Water, Lake

Invites Hope; Symbol of the Sustenance of Life

Inguz Rune - Uses: invites true love, friendship, & lasting relationships Inguz NG or ing Fertility, True Love

Invites True Love, Friendship & Lasting Partnerships

Othila Rune - Uses: strengthens family & partnerships Othila O Property, Homeland, Inheritance

Strengthens Family & Partnerships

Dagaz Rune - Uses: good luck charm, invites spiritual growth Dagaz D Day, Good Luck Good Luck Charm; Invites Spiritual Growth Fire / Air

Blank Rune
Odin's Rune   Unlimited Potential Unlimited Potential  



Words are translated into Icelandic, the closest modern language to Ancient Norse


NORSE (Icelandic)

        After         SITHAR
        Again         EN
        All         ALUR
        Always         AETITH
        Am         ER
        And         OG
        Are         ERU
        As         EINS OG
        At         HJA
        Bands (as in rings)         RAEMA
        Battle         ORUSTA
        Be         VERA
        Believe         TRUA
        Beloved         ASTKAERS
        Best         BESTUR
        Beyond         FRAM YFIR
        Boldness         DIRFSKA
        Brother         BROTHIR
        Brotherhood         BRAETHRALAG
        By         HJA
        Calm         LOGN
        Calmness         ROLYNDI
        Care         ATHGAT
        Character         MANGERTH
        Choose         VELJA
        Courage(ous)         HUGRAKUR
        Day         DAGUR
        Dear         ASTKAERS
        Death         DAUTHI
        Deceiver         TAELIR
        Deeds         VERK
        Deprive         HINDRA